The IS Caliphate and the West’s Wars in Syria and Iraq: A Challenge to Religious Pluralism in the Middle East

Patrick Cockburn

Date: October 8, 2014

Location: Zurich

The Islamic State (IS) has thrived as a consequence of war conditions in Iraq and Syria, the militancy of Wahhabi ideology, and miscalculations of American policy, Patrick Cockburn proposes. It now controls territory in Syria and Iraq the size of France.